The European Union Explained*

The European Union Explained*


Where, is the European Union? Obviously here
somewhere, but much like the the European continent itself, which has an unclear boundary,
the European Union also has some fuzzy edges to it. To start, the official members of the European
Union are, in decreasing order of population: * Germany
* France * The United Kingdom
* Italy * Spain
* Poland * Romania
* The Kingdom of the Netherlands * Greece
* Belgium * Portugal
* The Czech Republic * Hungary
* Sweden * Austria
* Bulgaria * Denmark
* Slovakia * Finland
* Ireland * Croatia
* Lithuania * Latvia
* Slovenia * Estonia
* Cyprus * Luxembourg
* Malta The edges of the EU will probably continue
to expand further out as there are other countries in various stages of trying to become a member. How exactly the European Union works is hideously
complicated and a story for another time, but for this video you need know only three
things: 1. Countries pay membership dues and 2. Vote on laws they all must follow and 3. Citizens of member countries are automatically
European Union citizens as well This last means that if you’re a citizen of
any of these countries you are free to live and work or retire in any of the others. Which
is nice especially if you think your country is too big or too small or too hot or too
cold. The European Union gives you options. By the way, did you notice how all three of
these statements have asterisks attached to this unhelpful footnote? Well, get used to
it: Europe loves asterisks that add exceptions to complicated agreements. These three, for example, point us toward
the first bit of border fuzziness with Norway, Iceland and little Liechtenstein. None of
which are in the European Union but if you’re a EU citizen you can live in these countries
and Norwegians, Icelanders, or Liechtensteiner(in)s can can live in yours. Why? In exchange for the freedom of movement
of people they have to pay membership fees to the European Union — even though they
aren’t a part of it and thus don’t get a say its laws that they still have to follow. This arrangement is the European Economic
Area and it sounds like a terrible deal, were it not for that asterisk which grants EEA
but not EU members a pass on some areas of law notably farming and fishing — something
a country like Iceland might care quite a lot about running their own way. Between the European Union and the European
Economic Area the continent looks mostly covered, with the notable exception of Switzerland
who remains neutral and fiercely independent, except for her participation in the Schengen
Area. If you’re from a country that keeps her borders
extremely clean and / or well-patrolled, the Schengen Area is a bit mind-blowing because
it’s an agreement between countries to take a ‘meh’ approach to borders. In the Schengen Area international boundaries
look like this: no border officers or passport checks of any kind. You can walk from Lisbon
to Tallinn without identification or need to answer the question: “business or pleasure?”. For Switzerland being part of Schengen but
not part of the European Union means that non-swiss can check in any time they like,
but they can never stay. This koombaya approach to borders isn’t appreciated
by everyone in the EU: most loudly, the United Kingdom and Ireland who argue that islands
are different. Thus to get onto these fair isles, you’ll need a passport and a good reason. Britannia’s reluctance to get fully involved
with the EU brings us to the next topic: money. The European Union has its own fancy currency,
the Euro used by the majority, but not all of the European Union members. This economic
union is called the Eurozone and to join a country must first reach certain financial
goals — and lying about reaching those goals is certainly not something anyone would do. Most of the non-Eurozone members when they
meet the goals, will ditch their local currency in favor of the Euro but three of them Denmark,
Sweden and, of course, the United Kingdom, have asterisks attracted to the Euro sections
of the treaty giving them a permanent out-out. And weirdly, four tiny European countries
Andorra, San Marino, Monaco & Vatican City have an asterisk giving them the reverse:
the right print and use Euros as their money, despite not being in the European Union at
all. So that’s the big picture: there’s the EU,
which makes all the rules, the Eurozone inside it with a common currency, the European Economic
Area outside of it where people can move freely and the selective Schengen, for countries
who think borders just aren’t worth the hassle. As you can see, there’s some strange overlaps
with these borders, but we’re not done talking about complications by a long shot one again,
because empire. So Portugal and Spain have islands from their
colonial days that they’ve never parted with: these are the Madeira and Canary Islands are
off the coast of Africa and the Azores well into the Atlantic. Because these islands are
Spanish and Portuguese they’re part of the European Union as well. Adding a few islands to the EU’s borders isn’t
a big deal until you consider France: the queen of not-letting go. She still holds onto
a bunch of islands in the Caribbean, Reunion off the coast of Madagascar and French Guiana
in South America. As far as France is concerned, these are France too, which single handedly
extends the edge-to-edge distance of the European Union across a third of Earth’s circumference. Collectively, these bits of France, Spain
and Portugal are called the Outermost Regions — and they’re the result of the simple answer
to empire: just keep it. On the other hand, there’s the United Kingdom,
the master of maintaining complicated relationships with her quasi-former lands — and she’s by
no means alone in this on such an empire-happy continent. The Netherlands and Denmark and France (again)
all have what the European Union calls Overseas Territories: they’re not part of the European
Union, instead they’re a bottomless well of asterisks due to their complicated relationships
with both with the European Union and their associated countries which makes it hard to
say anything meaningful about them as a group but… in general European Union law doesn’t apply
to these places, though in general the people who live there are European Union citizens
because in general they have the citizenship of their associated country, so in general
they can live anywhere in the EU they want but in general other European Union citizens
can’t freely move to these territories. Which makes these places a weird, semipermeable
membrane of the European Union proper and the final part we’re going to talk about in
detail even though there are still many, more one-off asterisks you might stumble upon,
such as: the Isle of Man or those Spanish Cities in North Africa or Gibraltar, who pretends
to be part of Southwest England sometimes, or that region in Greece where it’s totally
legal to ban women, or Saba & friends who are part of the Netherlands and so should
be part of the EU, but aren’t, or the Faeroe Islands upon which while citizens of Denmark
live they lose their EU citizenship, and on and on it goes. These asterisks almost never end, but this
video must.

Author: Kevin Mason

100 thoughts on “The European Union Explained*

  1. I think EU transforms into US with 2 political parties one for more common rules and the other for more regional rules

  2. The British stand with democracy that's why we can't follow the road the E.U is taking. They even bullied other counties that tried to leave before us.

  3. EU is actually the German's Pan-European German Empire – FOURTH REICH.
    Hitler's dream was his Third Reich encompassing all of Europe – and Tomorrow Die Welt!
    His fantasy lasted about 12 years!
    Immediately Germans were granted home rule after WW2 they started planning The FOURTH REICH.

  4. Goodbye Brussels, we really won't miss your dictatorship and it looks like there are many more countries hoping to leave too. YOU ARE FINISHED!

  5. The European Union is nothing but a Nazi Death Camp for Christian White People. They want to replace the white race with Africans.
    Well why not just go to Africa?

  6. why doesnt asian countries form a similar instute (i am not a native speaker and i dont know how to spell instutution please dont make fun of me)

  7. I'm le tired!! Please tell me if this was 'inspired' (or maybe you also made it:-) by a super old animated video called: 'The end of ze world'? That was one of my first ever favourite internet vids! I hope this is the case.

  8. So, in conclusion, the European ONION has many many layers… and if you look too closely as you peel back the layers, it will bring tears to your eyes.

  9. Can somebody please explain this information in a slower pace. The narrator seems to be in a race. Very annoying to listen to him.

  10. You marked the Faroe Islands as being in the EU however that is false. The Faroes are not entirely independant from Denmark but they are not part of EU.

  11. ahahhahaha thats fucking hilarious you need a good reason to get into the UK lol no. shit we make the american mexican border look like the wall was already built as fuck the EU pricks glad to be out

  12. prokopis pavlopoulos : why is there a camera zooming in
    the government: because where in debt
    prokopis :but we change prime minister
    mitsotakis: confused with Tsipras
    everyone in Greece:omg is that god filming
    me: no we are ina video
    turks:*laughs*
    me: moves to America with my family and my dad

  13. Remainers really should not worry it very much looks like Boris is going to tie us to the EU forever with Theresa May's Surrender Treaty. How well, the EU magically drops the backstop requirement and Boris submits the Theresa May's deal minus the backstop to Parliament. And for the rest of us that terrible WTO deal which does away with the backstop anyway, saves us £39 billion, removes us from the Custom Union, Removes us from being subject to EU Courts, takes back our fishing rights, allows us to set our own taxes, puts us in control of our own armed forces including the nuclear deterrent and preservers, British Sovereignty and self rule in a democratic society goes away – RESULT.

  14. euorupe: hey its been along time wanna chat again?
    UNITED KINGDOM LEFT THE CHAT but doesnt…. for 3 YEARS!

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  16. They gotta solidify these policies, otherwise the Union won't last– AAAAAND Britain already opted to leave. I told you

  17. Those french islands all had referendums to decide either to stay as French or become independent. Some follow French laws and others have their own government but all have the education system. This is why some people on these islands are well educated and produce some high skilled workers.

  18. I hope the Balkan and Turkey won’t come into the EU, because they can’t pay enough, they only take money and they don’t even have European principles

  19. I don't love or hate the EU. I am realistic about its benefits and it's drawbacks. But I cannot fathom the extremely hateful reaction of so many Europeans to the democratic wish of the UK to leave the political EU project and just go back to the trade and voluntary cooperation relationship which we consented to in 1975. This should be a legitimate choice taken in the right spirit. But it's not. It makes me think that maybe the British are right to leave. Europeans are not our friends, they just want our money. The EU is not a benign institution, it's a dictatorship that does not tolerate dissent, once you join that's it. It will use its large size the way a bully does, to punish the UK and dissuade others. This is not a good message to be sending. It's a bit like being an apostate from Islam. You are free to leave Islam but if you do we'll kill you…..

  20. Athos (that peninsula in Greece), as you can see by the photograph, has no cities and it's only populated by monks in its numerous monasteries. It's kind of a spiritual place, for the orthodox christian faith, where pilgrimages take place, unless you're a woman. Supposedly, Mary, the mother of Jesus, is the only woman allowed on its grounds even though it has been visited by women wearing fake beards in the past just to get a "gotcha" reaction out of the monks (funny stories, look it up). Nowadays, even some men are denied entrance, cause you have to be a really hardcore devout orthodox in order to hang out with superstitious old farts and eat nothing but lentil for weeks. Women aren't missing out on anything. Think of it as middle ages religious larping summer camp, with the possibility of molestation (allegedly).

  21. The EU needs to either be turned back to ithe EEC, or be ended alltogether, it seems nice but pretty much it will end up turning into a united states of europe but with states that are way more diverse in everything

  22. I'm from Romania and I hate it because I have to carry all the time my freaking identity card and passport when I want to travel to an EU country. Why? Because Romania is not in Schengen area. 😡

  23. Wrong about Schengen 2:16. As it's the 'continental' system, you must have ID on you at all times. Unless you want to be arrested, of course.

  24. The EU is rubbish, its institutions are rubbish, their laws are rubbish! I urge all real Europeans to put pressure on their governments for an urgent permanent leave! Let Germany, France, Sweden etc enjoy the union to maximum alongside with their rubbish fifth world illegal migrants!

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    End report simulation about AE social with illegal parts.

    Their failure with F1 speed in circuits all, speed limit cruve traffic law speed ,change lane and U turn forever.

    They lie economy high for undercover their mistake and jobs.

    Code forbidden AE styles in all brands automobile markets and motorcycles markets in all unit all counties and all organization thus
    1. Wider rear track than front track bodyworks all : 0.7g the lowest traction, extreme tail flick, extreme slide, 1-5 km/l and below 1 km/l in all speed and test maximum (160 km/hr to top speed on circuits).
    2. Wider front track than rear track bodyworks all in below 10 mm. : 0.85g the medium traction, tail flick, slide, 1-5 km/l and below 1 km/l in all speed and test maximum (160 km/hr to top speed on circuits).
    3. Dimension front track as same as rear track bodyworks all : 0.85g the medium traction, tail flick, slide, 1-5 km/l and below 1 km/l in all speed and test maximum (160 km/hr to top speed on circuits)
    4. Wider front track than rear track in 10 mm. bodyworks all : 0.9g the medium traction, slide, 1-5 km/l, below 1 km/l in all speed and test maximum (160 km/hr to top speed on circuits).
    5. Without rear fog lamp all : unsafe slight for rear cars, easy wreck 1-5 km/l, below 1 km/l with test maximum over 20,000-150,000 rpm.
    6. Petrol engines 1-4 turbo intercooler all : easy wreck a parts engines , 1-5 km/l and below 1 km/l with test maximum over 20,000-150,000 rpm.
    7. CVT all : easy wreck a parts, 1-5 km/l and below 1 km/l with test maximum over 20,000-150,000 rpm.

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    From
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    Code forbidden AE styles for don't build all in the last page.

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    * These ones effect EV, hybrid series all.
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  26. The EU have very strict emissions laws because they want to save the planet and there are very big fines for those who digress from them UNLESS YOU EUROPES BIGGEST CAR MANUFACTURER =thats how the EU works , invading the car market in America is one thing but shoe horning your way into the lucrative pickup truck market is another & it was that ,that caused someone in the states to bubble VW over their sophisticated emission cheat software
    And thats the real reason behind how they bubbled !

  27. Euro = wanna make a Euro bring in a new rule ,wanna made millions of Euros bring out some big rules ,just ask the Americans ,thats how the EU works !

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