Periodontal Stabilization Splints

Periodontal Stabilization Splints


Periodontal disease can destroy enough tooth-supporting alveolar bone that teeth loosen, and some (frequently the back ones) may be
lost. Those that remain may be incapable of withstanding
the increased chewing forces placed upon them. This can lead to pathologic migration, tipping
and displacement of the remaining teeth, bite collapse (or “loss of vertical dimension of
occlusion”); and changes in the facial contours. It may also lead to problems in the jaw joints. Reinforcing the remaining teeth with a periodontal
stabilization splint is often done in such cases. This may involve milling a slot into the teeth,
and inlaying a wire, which is then bonded to place with composite resin filling material. Or, a length of fiber-reinforced mesh may
be bonded to the sides of the teeth, without preparing them at all. Regardless of the method, periodontal stabilization
can significantly reduce the forces placed on the remaining periodontal attachment, and
prolong the service life of the natural teeth.

Author: Kevin Mason

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