About Aphasia – The Australian Aphasia Association

About Aphasia – The Australian Aphasia Association


Hello my name’s Jacinta Douglas I’m an academic at LaTrobe University in Melbourne Victoria and I’ve worked for many many years is both a clinician and a researcher in the field of aphasia and aphasia therapy. I’ve learned a great deal from the people I’ve had the privilege of working with and continue to enjoy working clinically in the field. Firstly, aphasia by definition is a language problem that results when parts of the brain are damaged. And the parts of the brain that we’re talking about are those parts of the brain that control or that process language information. For most people, those parts of the brain are on the left side of the brain in the left hemisphere because I left hemisphere is the side of the brain that is dominant or specialised in language processing. The sorts of problems that can cause damage to the brain that leads to aphasia includes things like stroke. Stroke is in fact the most frequent cause of aphasia. But also somebody who’s had a tumour and had a tumour removed, can experience of aphasia. Sometimes somebody who’s had a brain injury can experience aphasia. And depending on where the damage is and how much damage there is, a person can have particular difficulties with speaking with using words in communication with understanding words with understanding what people are saying and they may have particular difficulties with being able to read information and with being able to write things using words. You turn to the how does aphasia affect you, it’s really probably in day to day terms of having a conversation. Sometimes you’ll have trouble finding a word as such, right? So in terms of having to contribute to a conversation like we’re having yeah it’s hard when you struggle to find a word as such. Yeah but no say you like but… Yeah you you know what you want to say, but it doesn’t come out. Yeah. So, contribution to a conversation it sometimes is- know I’m tight around the word you with you everywhere yes sometimes I somebody likes to what you’re trying to say yeah and working it that way no I’m writing writing down all the books you know can little beat nowhere Pater you know some people keep me going on somewhere yeah yeah yeah but their books no magazines or right now but no books you can really hear to account for reading as well yeah just good just everyday told you like to talking degraded we have to test the stain don’t want their attention standard understand everything but now she’s going to either write down the private to get a message across yeah yes everything’s in there yeah that’s when you first experience for the person with the same shit it’s very very frustrating and it’s also frustrating for the people that they talk because the example something somebody was very used to being up to talk easily communicate well is now having difficulties those give ability might be revealed they might be even if their mind they can feel very very very frustrating person his experience basic for you don’t know when you are going to be able to express yourself because somewhere and you think what am I going to say what am I gonna do at the beginning was really awful because I would think ok I’ve got to say to this person I want some oranges and I I couldn’t think I’ve been looking at the orange and i think i want sum of dollars that i couldn’t think what the orange was I mean I was always very articulate and suddenly I had not there’s a lot of frustration but we’ve both gotten leaders and very really told us to frustration but it’s red it’s real list of a local gym and prostitute people with the phase-out make various other two frequencies associated with damage to the brain that are not related to a pleasure to South Korea is the witness of the muscles in the head and neck including the master sleeve for speech and breathing in which the party are may have reached that imputed to understand the strategy is the difficulty planning and coordinating movement him with apraxia may have difficulty making different patient movements and we switch speech apraxia is also known as dis practice this player is the swallowing difficulty table with two stages may find it hard to swallow food and drink as well as medications and some live it’s really important to me a little bit of fraser is a problem with using and understanding it’s not a problem with intelligence so the person is the same person the person has exactly the same intelligence is the key before they experienced mention the other important thing it’s really necessary to hold onto you think of that is that affair doesn’t stay the same changes over the time with kids that are very severe another time because they’re bringing recover from the brain changes the more we use language and more we attempt to communicate to people with people we often actually have changes in her brain is organized tickets significantly changed and improved over time but yeah what you would say it gets better Martin you might not get back to where you were before to stretch before you had a factor insert about part experience with you doing approval slowly slowly forwards and copy all T or and slowly think is good but slowly yeah the range or increasing the level of danger communicate broke edge very shiny but i wish one on my mark andrew 15 only 30 start is a record change or loss of blood supply to an area of the brain and that loss of blood supply can bg2 mother image where little bursts and be everywhere around that blood vessel damage or it could be to blockage in her face in the brain we bought a cloth gets stuck in a blood vessel and stops the blood from reaching areas beyond that point where the closet Queens both naked reasons made to the surrounding brain tissue being starved of its nutrients and oxygen and god cards so that it surrounding brain tissue is actually damaged and let them being can lead to problems that we know dissipation will get better question is such an important question because it’s the first thing let anybody something they’ve had a really difficult situation of having some sort of a medical problem leads to an effect that leads to a friendship we know without a doubt that there is change over time that the way a person is from the first day 23 months later to six months later to 12 months is going to change and that change is going to be in a positive direction furthermore what’s really important also remember is the change doesn’t stop after a different period of time you know that people continue to make positive change in the Y divided to go about their lives every day the way they were able to participate in society for many many needs to get hair destroyed or after the head terms of meeting the problem thats related to venture so the bottom line is that there is a positive change over time we got me exactly how fast it’s going to be and we don’t know exactly how much it’s going to be but they will be positive change when we actually look at what we know about how big a change and and how they change and how quickly they change many many factors have been identified in our research and then identified when we talk to people who’ve experienced prevention motivation can make a very big difference in how much you can expect to change how much support you have around you sort of supports you have with respect to your family and your friends can make a difference as to how much you can expect to change other important issues a half via the stroke walls how much of the brain was actually damaged and what your general medical health is like how well you are how many other problems that you might be having other things that are important issues around at sentencing act the more active somebody needs are from the more change I can expect to experience and perhaps I should speech pathologist the other really important thing that we know in Mexico difference is whether or not you receive therapy and help me sing before we know that therapy makes a difference you know it can help you not only change language ability that it can help me to adjust to experience this changes frequently I am asked the question is learning language again after having had a strike is it going to be like learning to speak as a child no it’s not learning to speak as a child the really important thing to remember here is that its language that has changed its not your your ability to problem so it’s not intelligence so you have all of the knowledge intelligence that we had before we have you struck and what’s important when you’re learning after you’ve been strong can you give me the future is that we can use on your strength on the abilities that the person still and we build on those strengths so that it is not starting from scratch we will have a lot of knowledge or reading of that language and what we need to be able to do is to maximize your ability to use that language you haven’t forgotten all of the rules you have difficulty accessing sometimes being able to retrain them from you and me finding the right word be described as Benward finding not surprisingly and funny my word is a difficulty that almost everybody who experiences invasion has someone can’t escape it’s important to remember too that even as we get older whether we have a failure or not we’re going to have some difficulties finding the right word why do we have that difficulty you can have that difficulty for several reasons but the most people with vision the word or the knowledge of that concept is not lost they know what the world is looking for its best portal as a retrieval that the going to be married finding the right word and bring it out of a really large language system and not quite heavy the wash index if you like all the white features to look for so you might have difficulties finding it that you might find a word is close to or you might have difficulties with that sense of all I know this sounds but I can’t quite find the right and so it’s a travel problem rather than lost important frequently people are frustrated because they actually say something and they are clearly saying and message I want to get across but the person you’re talking to doesn’t understand that doesn’t understand what this game between having an idea of what the messages we want to give to somebody and actually saying that message there are many stages that we go through there are many stages that we work through and being able to say that message first thing we have to do is find the right words to express the ideal got the ideas we want to express those in words you might be wanting to talk about for example your family pitch and instead of saying that you have a taking dog UND seine the cat if you get a world that’s really closely related but it’s me exactly that could confuse people they make it that you have and then we don’t have sometimes even when you find the one so you’ve been able to find the word that we’re looking for we’ve been able to say that yes i have a dog in terms of understanding what remains but when you go to pronounce it the wrong scenes coming so what can add as i have a dull which was confused somewhere and sometimes when you put the sounds with the word completely different different signs if you like activated or they’re actually access for that word and completely unrelated would like agent or piddlin not even a real good can come out and that can be very confusing all the way through the process you’ve known me idea you want to express that this breakdown different levels so that different areas of color and people get very confused you’re still going where the message that you wanted to get across let’s go to frustration and come up issues around and repeating the same word over and over again can be really frustrating for people with information and a game it’s a sign or symptom of we the breakdown is occurring in the language processing system or in the brain we get stuck on things when the brain has been damaged when the language system isn’t working properly instead of a new word being activated the same word comes out so I’m not want to instead of saying a word like four I want to move on to say it like spoon but we have got to say the word spoon either with pork and then I want to actually move on to a world like knife and I still say the word for another surprising outcome for people with aphasia is when a person who hasn’t seen before very much is very provide and has strongly good manners finds himself swearing and in fact swear words are the words that come out more easily than any other words that they want to sign the reason for this happens because swear words are actually automatic words is stored much more automatically for us and then much more easy for us to access so even now you have a language problem frustratingly enough the words that are often it’s easy to say swear words or the words and your word is automatic it is much less likely to be paid by the brain damage that is need to be patient doesn’t mean that you’ve lost your manners it doesn’t mean that you’re in permanent means that the automatic world it’s jumping at when you don’t want it to for more information about Vader and local support groups contact the Australian and faiza Association their website www.sedar.com all the way you

Author: Kevin Mason

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